- Make acquainted yourself with the weeds, small herbs, bushes and trees in your nearby area, try to discover as much as possible about the flora and fauna of which you are a part.
- Learn to recognize them properly and examine all their uses. Try to appreciate it as part of a bigger ecosystem. With which further plants does it form area? Is it local or invasive? Does it defend the ground or deplete it of any of its nutrients? Building this kind of holistic information base will give you a much deeper approach into the nature of a plant and its function in the ecosystem.
- Learn to recognize the poisonous plants you are likely to bump into. Do not taste anything you cannot absolutely recognize and think safe.
- When you are of the view that you know a plant, always cross check to be 100 percent certain because non-edible look alike can dupe you.
- Don’t be gluttonous Familiarize yourself with the plants that are planned on the endangered species list for your area. Apart from being unprincipled, it is also illegal to pick endangered plant species. As an alternative of taking unusual plants, consider sowing their seeds in the wild.
- Only pick as much as you require and never ever take all the plants of any one kind in a given scrap. After reaping an area, give the plants abundant time to recover before returning to the same scrap. Be very cautious when it comes to harvesting roots. Keep in mind, that often reaping roots means the loss of the plant, so before you start digging ask yourself if this particular plant is really abundant and if it can maintain a harvest of its roots. If you are in doubt, don’t forage.
- However persuasive it may seem, never pick in places that are prone to pollution, roadsides, heavy industries or heavy spraying of chemicals like pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers etc.
- Collecting undomesticated edible fruits growing in soil, that was brought in from another area may not be pleasing. It could be soil that was polluted with pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers.
- Don’t collect from natural reserves like national parks or botanical gardens. These are areas set up to guard wild species, so give them their space and let them live!
- Cast seeds of local species to the soil and to the winds once in a while. Consider acquiring a little scrap that you are chiefly fond of.
- When you are done with foraging, never leave any trash behind.
Once you have foraged your wild edible fruits make certain your body will not refuse this new food:
- First, clean or wash the parts of the plant you are foraging.
- Experiment one plant at a time, if possible only one new plant per day.
- Experiment the plant first by rubbing it on your skin. If there is no effect, then rub it on your lips. If there is no effect there then eat a little portion of the plant. If you experience no effect at all, then all will be well.
When to forage Edible Wild Food
Undomesticated edible plants should only be foraged when the oils responsible for taste and aroma are at their maximum. Appropriate timing depends on the plant part you are foraging and the future use. Keystone species of edible plants should not be foraged.
If you are foraging wild edible weeds for their foliage then to exploit the nutritional value, they should be forged before they bloom. After budding they are still better for you and they still contain vitamins, minerals and nutrients, just not as abundant.
Best time for foraging flowers such as chamomile should be done just before it reaches its highest size.
Don’t ever forge from natural reserves like national parks, gene banks or botanical gardens.